Do Dental Caries Occur Often? How Can We Prevent That From Happening?

Do Dental Caries Occur Often? How Can We Prevent That From Happening?

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31 August 2022

Dental caries or cavities are a common contention faced by most people. In the post advancement era, this issue has increased greatly, infecting many people’s teeth. The main culprit behind it is the diet that we intake. Dental caries is a bone of contention, especially in societies with low economic status and less access to medical facilities.  The ratio of caries differs in adults and young people. Generally, when it occurs at a young age, it cures with proper care quickly. In adults, though, it can cause many problems like toothache and severe results like tooth decay. Cavities are caused when the teeth layers are repeatedly damaged, and a hole in teeth causes toothache. It is due to bacterial action and dirt accumulation.

The age for dental caries is not restricted. Even infants can develop it. Mild symptoms occur when teeth are not properly cleaned. If ignorance follows, it results in severe damage and problems like tooth decay. Cavities mostly augment in open spaces between the teeth and also in the centre of teeth. Extreme cavities are eating up your teeth. According to research, every six people out of 10 is at risk of having dental caries.

Why do caries occur, and what do they cause?

Caries harms the enamel of teeth and then affects the inner side when not taken care of. It is caused due to eating sugars, acids and drinking beverages and fizzy drinks. Saliva and bacterial action can also be a reason. Dental caries is the most common chronic disease and occurs when you don’t brush properly. They cause damage to your teeth’ enamel initially and then damage the teeth internally, which grows very painful. Cavities deteriorate the quality of your teeth and make them weak.

When you don’t brush your teeth properly, the food residues in the mouth are open for bacteria. Bacteria attack the food particles in the presence of saliva and forms cavities resultantly. Taking certain medicines like anti-depressants and iron medicines can cause dry mouth, which results in caries. Radiation exposure can also cause cavities.  The common cyphers that indicate holes include bleeding gums and bad breath. There are no signs of caries initially, but if you continue the same routine without visiting a dentist, the consequences might be severe, and you will face tooth decay.

Types of Dental Caries

Depending upon its severity, dental caries is of three types. If the cavity is inceptive, it damages the enamel and can be treated easily by brushing properly and flossing. It is also called smooth surface dental caries. If left untreated, the culprit can damage the teeth, and the cavity engulfs the middle portion of the teeth. It causes toothache and is called pit and fissure decay. The final and difficult stage of caries damages the root of the teeth. This is an acute state and occurs in adults mostly. It completely hurts the teeth.

Risk of dental caries at different ages

In adults, the risk of tooth decay and cavities increases due to pits, root endings, and groves. Food particles are stuck in those areas and can result in adulteration when not brushed and flossed properly. The saliva and bacterial action together make up the cavity in teeth. Brushing the teeth twice a day and flossing is the best solution to prevent all this.

We all must have heard about not eating too many sweets and candies. It is true that consuming sugar stuff, gums, candies, cookies, and cakes sticks to your teeth and increases dental caries‘ peril. It would be best if you took them less or at least brushed your teeth after having them. Alcohol consumption can also be a wagering factor and is damage to other body parts too.

For infants, milk and juices can be a source of tooth cavities, especially at night time when they do not brush for hours. The bacteria act fast and cause enamel impairment and cavities. Saliva flow is an essential factor in keeping the oral cavity protected from caries. When the mouth becomes dry due to excessive intake of medicines, the vulnerability to a toothache is enhanced. Fluoride is the only source of protection for this case.

At a young age, acid intake can be a cause of caries. The acid content is relatively high in beverages and fizzy drinks. Intaking them even in small amounts can be a contributing factor to tooth decay. Passing these acidic drinks through your teeth is a feast to bacteria out there to attack your enamel.

In adults and old age, stomach disorders like heartburn, anorexia, and vomit burps can be a lead cause of teeth caries. Taking care of the digestive system plus proper brushing after every vomit can decline this situation. Having a toothache with a stomach ache and heartburn is probably not a favourable choice for anyone.

Common symptoms to look for caries

Severe caries results in tooth decay which is an alarm to visit the dentist instantly. However, there are early symptoms too that can help you cure dental caries at a primary stage.

  • Bad breath is an early sign of cavities and can further result in toothache if not treated properly.
  • There can be an accumulation of pus, especially at the end of teeth, due to cavities.
  • You can feel a sharp stabbing pain in teeth, i.e. toothache which shows a severe caries
  • The appearance of dark spots and marks on teeth, especially of black and brown colour.
  • Teeth sensitivity is also a common sign. When you eat or drink something hot or cold, you will feel pain in your teeth.
  • Bleeding and swollen gums are also big indicators of dental caries.
  • You can also feel a salty and abhorrent taste in your mouth, predicting the presence of caries.

How to prevent tooth decay?

There are some common tips that you can follow to avoid dental caries and tooth decay occurring in the first place.

  • Brushing twice a day.
  • Using fluoride toothpaste.
  • Using mouthwash and dental floss.
  • Reducing alcohol consumption.
  • Avoid foods like candies, gums, and ice creams.
  • Regular brushing, especially at night.
  • Looking for the symptoms of tooth decay.
  • Visiting the dentist after every six months.
  • Reducing exposure to extreme radiations.

Preventing the early stages of dental caries

If you have started to develop cavities, then see a dentist now. It is better to follow proper medication rather than ignoring and prolonging the case of caries. Using fluoride toothpaste and flushing your teeth regularly with fluoride-based solutions can easily cure the early signs of dental caries. Brushing twice a day and following the proper brushing format are also very suitable. It is very easy to develop good habits in children regarding their tooth care. Making them follow proper brushing routines and having a check on sugary snacks and acidic drinks can help protect your child’s teeth. The growing years of a child are very important and are essential to teaching them the importance of oral health. Encouraging the kids to visit a dentist and making it special for them is very helpful to develop a positive attitude.

Preventing and curing extreme caries

In case if you have developed holes in your teeth and tooth decay, the regular procedures will not work anymore. It would be best if you saw a dentist immediately. Tooth decay, when kept untreated for long, can also be fatal. If cavities are growing in your mouth un-noticed, it can cause tooth loss which is very obnoxious for your appearance. In severe cases of cavities, the patients feel extreme toothache, which hinders daily eating and drinking activities. The bad smell and pain can also lead to loss of appetite and weight loss. In some cases, the pus-filled coating develops at the base of teeth which is very painful and indicates serious fatal infections.

For holes in teeth as a result of dental caries, crowning is done. In this procedure, the damaged part of the teeth is secluded, and the remaining teeth are filled with dental material. This regimen protects the remaining teeth from further damage and is generally better than removing the teeth.

The second recourse is the root canal for tooth decay. It is done when the patient feels uneasy with chewing and faces painful waves while eating or drinking or due to pus accumulation in the roots of teeth. It is an intense removal of dental caries from the centre of teeth where the never endings and blood vessels of teeth are present.

The last expediency is prescribed when you have damaged your teeth beyond repair. The tooth decay has occurred completely, and the only solution is to remove the teeth. The teeth are then recouped with a dental fixture.

Conclusion

Brushing with fluoride is the key to preventing dental caries from occurring in the first place. It is high time we start taking care of our oral health and visiting the doctor twice a year Read more

 

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