The process of C – reactive protein Testing

The process of C – reactive protein Testing

6 July 2022

What is called a CRP (C-reactive protein) test?

A CRP (C-reactive protein) test accurately measures the adequate level of C-reactive protein, i.e., a protein produced in the liver that diffuses into the blood. The liver releases the CRP into the bloodstream in response to the inflammation.

When the body encounters some of the most harmful toxic chemicals, bacteria, or viruses, or when we have an injury, it automatically activates the immune system. The immune system automatically sends out the first responders, which are inflammatory cells & cytokines, respectively.

These cells begin an inflammatory response to trap the harmful bacteria and start healing the injured tissues. This can result in pain, bruising, swelling, or redness. But on the other hand, inflammation also affects the body systems to a great extent.

A person normally has lower levels of CRP in the blood. Moderately to severely elevated levels can be a sign of some serious infections or another sort of inflammatory condition.


Why do healthcare providers spend much on performing CRP tests?

Healthcare providers generally order a C-reactive protein (CRP) test to help diagnose or rule out some of harmful conditions, including:

  • Various types of fungal infections.
  • Severe bacterial infections, including sepsis.
  • IBD or Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Osteomyelitis (Bone Infection).
  • Autoimmune diseases, like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis (i.e. systemic lupus erythematosus).
  • Different kinds of arthritis.
  • PID or Pelvic inflammatory diseases.

They also use the CRP tests for monitoring people after they have undergone surgery or other kinds of invasive procedures in order to check if there is any infection during their recovery period.

A CRP test alone cannot diagnose a particular condition or where the inflammation has occurred in the body. Because of this, the providers generally order some of additional tests if the CRP results show that an individual has an inflammation.


When can an individual realize that it is time to undergo a C-reactive protein (CRP) test?

A CRP test should be ordered if the induvial has symptoms of serious bacterial infections like:

  • Chills.
  • Fever.
  • Rapid breathing or tachypnea
  • Rapid heart rate or tachycardia
  • Nausea & vomiting.

The CRP tests can also be conducted to monitor the treatment if he/she has already been diagnosed with a serious type of infection or with a chronic inflammatory condition.

The CRP levels decrease and increase depending on how much inflammation the body has. If the CRP levels go down, it is a sign that the treatment for the inflammation is accurately working.


What should someone expect while undergoing the CRP test?

An individual can expect to experience some of the following conditions during a blood draw or blood test:

  • He/she has to sit in a chair, & a healthcare provider will check the arms to look for an easily accessible vein. This is generally the inner part of the arm on the other side of the elbow.
  • Once they have successfully located a vein, then they will clean & disinfect the infected area.
  • Then they will then insert a small needle into the vein to extract a blood sample which might feel like a small pinch.

The entire procedure generally takes a time of less than five minutes.


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