What are the 2 Stages of Cirrhosis of the Liver?

What are the 2 Stages of Cirrhosis of the Liver?

28 October 2022

Your liver eliminates toxins from your body. Thus, it is imperative that your liver functions properly. Individuals with liver issues often witness toxin buildup in the body, which can cause damage to the organs and tissues. Liver cirrhosis occurs as a result of severe liver scarring.

Depending on the functioning of your liver, doctors determine cirrhosis of the liver stages. The stage of liver cirrhosis greatly influences choosing an appropriate treatment option for you. Keep reading to understand the two stages of liver cirrhosis.

Compensated Cirrhosis

Compensated cirrhosis shows no symptoms. In this stage of cirrhosis, the liver still performs its functions. The liver still has enough healthy cells to suffice for the scar tissues and damaged cells caused by cirrhosis. Several cirrhosis patients stay in the compensated stage for many years.

Decompensated Cirrhosis

The compensated cirrhosis stage often progresses into the decompensated cirrhosis stage. When your cirrhosis reaches the decompensated stage, your liver will develop too many severe complications. Some signs of a possible diagnosis of your liver in the decompensated stage are as follows:

  • Jaundice: It occurs when your liver can no longer remove bilirubin from the body. Bilirubin is a waste product in one’s blood that can make the skin and eyes yellow.
  • Bleeding varices: Varices refer to enlarged blood vessels. Bloody, black or tarry stools or throwing up blood are signs of bleeding varices. You should always seek emergency treatment for bloody varices.
  • Ascites: It refers to fluid buildup inside the belly.
  • Hepatic encephalopathy: Toxin assimilation inside the brain is Hepatic Encephalopathy. It can make you tired and confused. Hepatic encephalopathy can make it difficult for you to perform day-to-day tasks like writing and driving.

Causes and Risk Factors of Liver Cirrhosis

When you understand the cause of liver cirrhosis, finding the right treatment becomes easier. It will ensure that the condition does not get any worse. Some common causes of liver cirrhosis are as follows:

  • Alcohol Abuse: Individuals with a drinking problem must get it taken care of to prevent liver damage. You can consult your physician so that they can recommend a treatment program to get rid of alcoholism.
  • Hepatitis B or C: You must get proper treatment for these conditions. The medications will ensure that your damage doesn’t get damaged more.
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: Obese people are usually at risk of developing nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases. If your cirrhosis occurred due to nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases, you would be able to improve your liver health by losing weight. Maintaining your blood sugar levels will also help you treat nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Some other conditions that can contribute to the cirrhosis of the liver stages are as follows:

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Excessive iron builds up inside the body
  • Diseases that make it difficult for your body to process sugar
  • Autoimmune diseases that make your body attack the liver cells
  • Some genetic digestive disorders
  • Infections like brucellosis and syphilis
  • Blockage of the bile duct
  • Wilson’s disease leads to an excessive copper buildup in the body
  • Reactions to certain medications

Lifestyle Hacks to Prevent Liver Cirrhosis

A healthy lifestyle can help you keep liver cirrhosis at bay:

Limit Alcohol Consumption

Consuming too much alcohol leads to liver inflammation which can progress into cirrhosis. However, this progression won’t happen overnight. Cirrhosis associated with alcoholism often occurs due to more than ten years of heavy drinking. Consuming less than 14 units of alcohol every week can reduce your chance of developing liver cirrhosis.

Protect Yourself Against Hepatitis

A virus such as Hepatitis often triggers liver inflammation. Chronic Hepatitis B and C are two major causes of liver cirrhosis. Hepatitis B often gets passed from one person to another via semen, blood, and other fluids. Hepatitis C is caused by blood-to-blood contact. Avoid unprotected sex and don’t share needles for injecting drugs to prevent the risk of Hepatitis.

Watch Your Diet

Sometimes fatty buildup inside your body can also lead to cirrhosis. Coronary artery disease, high cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity often increase the risk of developing nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases. Maintain a healthy diet and weight with limited portions to lower your risk of liver cirrhosis.

Final Thoughts

You must get the best treatment for liver cirrhosis to live a healthy life. The doctors at Max Healthcare are the best for offering comprehensive care to patients suffering from liver disease.

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